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Posttranslational generation of C-alpha-formylglycin in eukaryotic sulfatases: development of the biochemical approach for the characterisation and purification of the modifying enzymee

dc.contributor.advisorFigura, Kurt von Prof. Dr. Dr.
dc.contributor.authorBorissenko, Ljudmilade
dc.titlePosttranslational generation of C-alpha-formylglycin in eukaryotic sulfatases: development of the biochemical approach for the characterisation and purification of the modifying enzymeede
dc.title.translatedCharakterisierung und Anreicherung der Enzyme, das Formylglycinreste in Sulfatasen bildetde
dc.contributor.refereeMösch, Hans-Ulrich Prof.
dc.subject.dnb500 Naturwissenschaften allgemeinde
dc.description.abstractengSulfatases carry at their active site a C Ñ-formylglycine (FGly) residue that is essential for enzyme activity. The formyl group of this FGly is directly involved in sulfate ester cleavage. A defect in FGly formation in human is the cause of a recessively inherited disease called Multiple Sulfatase Deficiency, characterised by the synthesis of the catalytically inactive sulfatase polypeptides and by the accumulation of their unprocessed substrates in the lysosomes. FGly is generated by oxidation of a concerved cystein (pro- and eukaryotes) or serine residue (prokaryotes) comprised in the sequience motif C/S-x-P-x-R. In eukaryotes the modification is catalysed by lumenal components of the endoplasmic reticulum during or after protein translocation and prior to folding of sulfatases. Under in vitro conditions, using an enriched and soluble protein fraction, FGly formation could be observed under strictly posttranslational conditions and independent of a signal peptide. The modification reaction was characterised kinetically and with respect to cofactor requirement, albeit the acceptor of the reducing equivalents during cystein oxidation remains unknown.So far the enzymatic machinery involved in FGly modification could not be identified. We tried to purify it from the reticuloplasm of bovine pancreas microsomes using a number of chromatographic techniques with the following identification of proteins. We established several chromatographic protocols for separation of luminal proteins on different columns (ion exchanger, gel filtration, hydrophobic interaction, lectin chromatography, affinity chromatography etc.). FGly generating enzyme was characterised kinetically and biochemically. By combination of chromatographic protocols we purified the FGly generating activity and identified the bands visualised after separation of proteins by SDS PAGE. Several possible candidates on the role of FGly generating enzyme are
dc.contributor.coRefereeGradmann, Dietrich Prof.
dc.contributor.thirdRefereeHerrmann, Bernd Prof.
dc.subject.topicMathematics and Computer Sciencede
dc.subject.gerEnzyme Modificationde
dc.subject.engposttranslational modificationde
dc.subject.bk35.70 Biochemiede
dc.subject.bk42.13 Molekularbiologiede
dc.affiliation.instituteMedizinische Fakultätde
dc.subject.gokfullWA Biologiede

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