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dc.contributor.advisor Waldmann, Michael Prof. Dr. de
dc.contributor.author Hagmayer, York Christoph de
dc.date.accessioned 2013-01-22T15:33:52Z de
dc.date.available 2013-01-30T23:51:04Z de
dc.date.issued 2001-03-07 de
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-1735-0000-000D-F108-2 de
dc.format.mimetype ContentType:application/pdf Size:835 de
dc.language.iso ger de
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/ de
dc.title Denken mit und über Kausalmodelle de
dc.type doctoralThesis de
dc.title.translated Reasoning by vs. Reasoning about Causal Models de
dc.contributor.referee Waldmann, Michael Prof. Dr. de
dc.date.examination 2001-02-01 de
dc.subject.dnb 11 Psychologie de
dc.subject.gok Allgemeine Psychologie de
dc.description.abstracteng Causal models are representations of causal structures and processes in the world. In this thesis two main questions concerning causal models are explored: "What are the differences between different causal models" (normative question) and "Are persons sensitive to these differences" (psychological question). In chapter 1 qualitative, formal and numerical aspects of different causal models are introduced and discussed. Chapter 2 investigates the relevance of causal models for learning, diagnosis, prediction and hypothesis testing and it reviews the current psychological literature on these topics. In chapter 3 the authors own experiments are described. They show that persons use causal models in learning, but that they are not able to test even simple causal models. Furthermore it is shown that persons show an implicit sensitivity to structural implications of causal models, but they lack an explicit understanding of these implications. The final chapter integrates the findings and argues that they point to a difference between reasoning by means of causal models vs. reasoning about causal models. Speculations about possible evolutionary constraints of this differentiation conclude the thesis. de
dc.contributor.coReferee Lüer, Gerd Prof. Dr. de
dc.subject.topic mathematics and natural science de
dc.subject.eng causality de
dc.subject.eng reasoning de
dc.subject.eng learning de
dc.subject.bk 77.31 Kognition de
dc.identifier.urn urn:nbn:de:gbv:7-webdoc-1005-7 de
dc.identifier.purl webdoc-1005 de
dc.identifier.ppn 330451472

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