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Denken mit und über Kausalmodelle

dc.contributor.advisorWaldmann, Michael Prof.
dc.contributor.authorHagmayer, York Christophde
dc.format.mimetypeContentType:application/pdf Size:835de
dc.titleDenken mit und über Kausalmodellede
dc.title.translatedReasoning by vs. Reasoning about Causal Modelsde
dc.contributor.refereeWaldmann, Michael Prof.
dc.subject.dnb11 Psychologiede
dc.subject.gokAllgemeine Psychologiede
dc.description.abstractengCausal models are representations of causal structures and processes in the world. In this thesis two main questions concerning causal models are explored: "What are the differences between different causal models" (normative question) and "Are persons sensitive to these differences" (psychological question). In chapter 1 qualitative, formal and numerical aspects of different causal models are introduced and discussed. Chapter 2 investigates the relevance of causal models for learning, diagnosis, prediction and hypothesis testing and it reviews the current psychological literature on these topics. In chapter 3 the authors own experiments are described. They show that persons use causal models in learning, but that they are not able to test even simple causal models. Furthermore it is shown that persons show an implicit sensitivity to structural implications of causal models, but they lack an explicit understanding of these implications. The final chapter integrates the findings and argues that they point to a difference between reasoning by means of causal models vs. reasoning about causal models. Speculations about possible evolutionary constraints of this differentiation conclude the
dc.contributor.coRefereeLüer, Gerd Prof.
dc.subject.topicmathematics and natural sciencede
dc.subject.bk77.31 Kognitionde

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