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Belastungsuntersuchungen von arthroskopischen und offenen Knotentypen unter Verwendung von hochfestem, polyfilem Nahtmaterial

dc.contributor.advisorBaums, Mike Herbert PD Dr.
dc.contributor.authorSachs, Christian
dc.titleBelastungsuntersuchungen von arthroskopischen und offenen Knotentypen unter Verwendung von hochfestem, polyfilem Nahtmaterialde
dc.title.translatedMechanical testing of different knot types using high-performance suture materialde
dc.contributor.refereeWachowski, Martin PD Dr.
dc.description.abstractengAbstract Purpose: This laboratory study aimed to evaluate the loop security, knot security, cyclic loading resistance and loadto- failure rate of three different knot types with establishing a new experimental set-up. Additionally, the mode of failure of each knot was evaluated. Methods: With the use of nonabsorbable, braided polyethylene sutures, USP size No. 2 [Hi-Fi ; ConMed Linvatec], the arthroscopic knot types Dines, SMC as well as the surgeon’s knot were tested using a material testing machine. The knots were tied openly as well as arthroscopically. The set-up enables testing of knot configurations while eliminating friction between knot loop and its suspension points. Including all test procedures, a total of 216 knots were tested. Results: All openly tied knot types and ten of each type of arthroscopically tied knots resisted against cyclic loading of 1,000 cycles. With subsequent load-to-failure testing, openly tied knot types achieved significantly higher values of tensile strength than arthroscopically tied knots. Regarding clinical failure, defined as an elongation of 3 mm, Dines knot reached highest loop as well as knot security. Knot slippage was the most common failure mechanism at an elongation of 3 mm, whereas suture breakage was evaluated most at an elongation of 6 mm. Conclusions: The new experimental set-up confirms the loop security of arthroscopic knot types. Using a knot pusher clinically is a key factor to attain this as compared to openly hand-tied techniques. The Dines knot presented the highest reliability. It may provide a secure tissue healing during rehabilitation and consequently can be recommended for clinical
dc.contributor.coRefereeMausberg, Rainer Prof. Dr.
dc.subject.gerzyklische Belastungende
dc.subject.gerarthroskopische Knotende
dc.subject.gerultra hoch molekulargewichtiges Nahtmaterialde
dc.subject.engSuture knotsde
dc.subject.engUltra-high molecular weight polyethylenede
dc.subject.engCyclic loadingde
dc.affiliation.instituteMedizinische Fakultätde

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