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Contesting Knowledge of Land Access Claims in Jambi, Indonesia

dc.contributor.advisorFaust, Heiko Prof. Dr.
dc.contributor.authorMardiana, Rina
dc.titleContesting Knowledge of Land Access Claims in Jambi, Indonesiade
dc.contributor.refereeDittrich, Christoph Prof. Dr.
dc.description.abstractengLand constitutes productive space, as well as a commodity. For this reason, land has become a contestation arena for various interested actors of all scales. The strategists of knowledge construct a wide variety of knowledge frameworks relating to land access claims. This research identifies particular forms of knowledge on land access and examines how knowledge of land access claims is contested. This research will contribute to the debates on knowledge of land access, which have been shaped by historical contexts, political and economic interests, as well as access relations; while land has been contested in the name of livelihoods, economic growth, and power. This research used the multi-sited ethnography approach by following the actors, events, policies and stories within the dimensions of space and time. This research was conducted in the former Asialog forestry concession; specifically, in two places: Bungku Village in Batanghari District and Tanjung Lebar Village in Muaro Jambi District. I have used the term community to specify geographical and population units in my research location. The communities covered were Bungku Indah, Johor Baru, SAD 113, Ujung Aspal, Rantau Rasau, Kunangan Jaya 1, Kunangan Jaya 2, Tanjung Lebar, Portal, Pangkalan Ranjau, Pinang Merah, Alam Sakti, Tanjung Mandiri, Sei Jerat and Ulu Badak. In other words, I researched and analyzed all communities existing in southern Jambi to ensure a holistic, whole and complete coverage of the formation process of the Bungku and Tanjung Lebar villages. Throughout 2012-2016, I interviewed a total of 187 community scale actors. I also carried out repeated structured interviews of 170 academics and scientists, government bureaucrats, and representatives of NGOs/mass organizations. In general, I conclude that knowledge constructions relating to land access claims can be classified into four categories: development knowledge, open access regime knowledge, adat land knowledge, and agrarian reform knowledge. Knowledge of access claims to land is meant to result in the establishment of territories of various scales. Development knowledge from the state will result in the form of state territorialization of various kinds, such as concession territories and conservation/restoration territories. Whereas other knowledge can be utilized to form local territories that are constructed by communities accessing land. This formation of territories is dynamic, and determined by knowledge and access relation dynamics. Finally, the answer to the question of who will come out as the most powerful party in defending territorial claims, whether for forest territorialization or village territorialization, is very dependent on the knowledge being employed by the access relation actorsde
dc.contributor.coRefereeSauer, Daniela Prof. Dr.
dc.contributor.thirdRefereeSteinebach, Stefanie Dr.
dc.subject.engaccess relation
dc.subject.england access claim
dc.affiliation.instituteFakultät für Geowissenschaften und Geographiede
dc.subject.gokfullGeographie (PPN621264008)de

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