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Pancreatic β-Cell Regeneration in TIF-IA Knockout Mice

dc.contributor.advisorMansouri, Ahmed Prof. Dr.
dc.contributor.authorShamsi, Farnaz
dc.titlePancreatic β-Cell Regeneration in TIF-IA Knockout Micede
dc.contributor.refereePieler, Tomas Prof. Dr.
dc.description.abstractengAs the sole source of insulin production in body, pancreatic β-cells play an essential role in glucose homeostasis. Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease characterized by loss, reduction, and/or malfunction of β-cell mass. The putative induction of adult β-cell regeneration repre- sents a promising approach for the treatment of type 1 diabetes. Towards this ultimate goal, it is essential to develop an inducible model mimicking the long-lasting disease progression. In the current study, we have established a novel β-cell ablation mouse model, in which the β-cell mass progressively declines, as seen in type 1 diabetes. The model is based on the β-cell specific genetic ablation of the transcription initiation factor 1A, TIF-IA, essential for RNA Polymerase I activity (TIF-IA∆/∆). Using this approach, we induced a slow apoptotic response that eventually leads to a protracted β-cell death. In this model, we observed β-cell regenera- tion that resulted in a complete recovery of the β-cell mass and normoglycemia. In addition, we showed that adaptive proliferation of remaining β-cells is the prominent mechanism acting to compensate for the massive β-cell loss in young but also aged mice. Interestingly, at any age, we also detected β-like cells expressing the glucagon hormone, suggesting a transition between α and β-cell identities or vice versa. Taken together, the (TIF-IA∆/∆) mouse model can be used to investigate the potential therapeutic approaches for type 1 diabetes targeting β-cell regeneration. RNA-sequencing of (TIF-IA∆/∆) pancreas provided the possibilty to look at β-cell regeneration at the molecular level and dissect out the cellular pathways induced in pancreas upon β-cell ablation. These signaling pathways work together to mediate β-cell stress response, metabolic adaptations, and tissue homeostasis. Using these data, we have identified some novel regulators of β-cell
dc.contributor.coRefereeSchuh, Reinhard Prof. Dr.
dc.contributor.thirdRefereeStoykova, Anastassia Prof. Dr.
dc.contributor.thirdRefereeWimmer, Ernst A. Prof. Dr.
dc.contributor.thirdRefereeDosch, Roland Dr.
dc.subject.engBeta-cell regenerationde
dc.affiliation.instituteBiologische Fakultät für Biologie und Psychologiede
dc.subject.gokfullBiologie (PPN619462639)de

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