Analysis of the role of Cox20 during the early steps of Cox2 biogenesis
von Isotta Lorenzi
Datum der mündl. Prüfung:2016-03-18
Betreuer:Prof. Dr. Peter Rehling
Gutachter:Prof. Dr. Peter Rehling
Gutachter:Prof. Dr. Ralph Kehlenbach
EnglischThe catalytic core of the cytochrome c oxidase (complex IV), the terminal enzyme of the mitochondrial respiratory chain, comprises three mitochondria-encoded subunits Cox1, Cox2 and Cox3 that are highly conserved among species. Cytochrome c oxidase maturation is a coordinated process requiring specialized assembly factors that assist in the sequential formation of sub-complexes, also termed assembly intermediates. In recent decades, fruitful research of complex IV biogenesis, in the yeast S. cerevisiae, has revealed that Cox2 is inserted into the inner mitochondrial membrane via a co-translational mechanism. This is facilitated by the mitochondrial ribosome binding protein Mba1 and the Oxa1 insertase. Following insertion, various assembly factors, such as Cox20, are required for the maturation of Cox2. However, the mechanism by which insertion and assembly are coordinated is not well understood. The Cox20 protein is a ubiquitous Cox2-chaperone, involved in Cox2 Nterminal processing. In human, Cox2 is expressed without N-terminal peptide, suggesting an additional role of Cox20 beyond its processing function. In fact, a patient mutation in the Cox20 human homolog leads to impaired cytochrome c oxidase assembly. Results presented in this thesis elucidate the molecular role of Cox20 in the early steps of Cox2 biogenesis. For this purpose, a mass spectrometry analysis using a SILAC approach was undertaken to identify novel Cox20 interacting partners. Analysis of the composition of Cox20-containing complexes revealed proteins involved in Cox2 translation, membrane insertion and metallation. For the first time, the identified interaction with the mitochondrial ribosome provides a new link of Cox20 function to Cox2 synthesis. Furthermore, functional analysis of the novel Cox20-Mba1 complex suggested a novel role of Mba1 with regard to Cox2 maturation. The presented data propose a new shuttling mechanism of newly translated Cox2 from the ribosome and the insertion machinery to maturing mitochondrial assembly intermediates.
Keywords: Ribosome; Cytochrome c oxidase; Mitochondria; Cox2; Respiratory chain