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Characterization of inner mitochondrial membrane architecture

Role of the MICOS complex in the inner mitochondrial membrane architecture

dc.contributor.advisorMeinecke, Michael Prof. Dr.
dc.contributor.authorBarbot, Mariam
dc.titleCharacterization of inner mitochondrial membrane architecturede
dc.title.alternativeRole of the MICOS complex in the inner mitochondrial membrane architecturede
dc.contributor.refereeJakobs, Stefan Prof. Dr.
dc.description.abstractengThe inner membrane of mitochondria is extensively folded and displays a complex architecture. Cristae junctions are highly curved tubular openings that separate the cristae membrane from the inner boundary membrane. They play a central role in many vital cellular processes (e.g. apoptosis) by compartmentalizing the inner mem- brane into morphologically and functionally distinct regions. The mitochondrial con- tact site and cristae organizing system (MICOS) is a conserved multi-subunit protein complex, which is found to be enriched at cristae junctions. The complex is believed to be necessary for maintaining the physiological cristae membrane morphology by stabilizing cristae junctions. In this thesis, the role of the MICOS core subunit, Mic10, in the formation and maintenance of cristae junctions was investigated. An in vitro bottom up approach, in combination with in organello studies, was used to address the direct role and molecular mechanism by which Mic10 sculpts the inner mitochondrial membrane at cristae junctions. The reconstitution of recombinantly expressed and purified Saccha- romyces cerevisiae Mic10 into artificial model membranes led to drastic membrane morphology changes. Membrane topology studies revealed that Mic10 contains two transmembrane domains that span the inner mitochondrial membrane in a hairpin-like structure. The ability of Mic10 to sculpt membranes depends on the protein’s homo- oligomerization through highly conserved glycine-rich motifs present in both trans- membrane domains. The disruption of Mic10 oligomerization by mutating glycine residues failed to induce curvature in model membranes and resulted in abnormal inner membrane architecture when expressed in yeast cells. Collectively, these findings demonstrate that membrane sculpting by Mic10 is es- sential for both cristae junction formation and
dc.contributor.coRefereeMoser, Tobias Prof. Dr.
dc.contributor.thirdRefereeKehlenbach, Ralph Prof. Dr.
dc.contributor.thirdRefereeKatschinski, Dörthe Prof. Dr.
dc.contributor.thirdRefereeSteinem, Claudia Prof. Dr.
dc.subject.engMembrane curvaturede
dc.affiliation.instituteGöttinger Graduiertenschule für Neurowissenschaften, Biophysik und molekulare Biowissenschaften (GGNB)de
dc.subject.gokfullBiologie (PPN619462639)de

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