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Prävalenz von und Risikofaktoren für dentale Erosionen bei Göttinger Kindergartenkindern

dc.contributor.advisorWiegand, Annette Prof. Dr.
dc.contributor.authorMüller-Pflanz, Christina
dc.titlePrävalenz von und Risikofaktoren für dentale Erosionen bei Göttinger Kindergartenkindernde
dc.title.translatedThe prevalence and the risk factors of erosive tooth wear in kindergarten children of Göttingende
dc.contributor.refereeWiegand, Annette Prof. Dr.
dc.description.abstractengOBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were: (1) to investigate the prevalence, the severity and the distribution of erosive tooth wear in kindergarten children of Göttingen aged 3-7 years, and (2) to identify and compare possible risk factors. METHODS: 777 children aged 3-7 years from 27 kindergartens were examined using the O'Sullivan-Index. Additionally, data were converted into the Basic Erosive Wear Examination (BEWE)-index. Information about dietary habits, chronic illness and oral hygiene practices were obtained by questionnaires. Statistical analyses were done by Mann-Whitney U Tests and regression analyses (p<0.05). RESULTS: For 45,4% of the 777 children at least one tooth was affected. Prevalence increased significantly with age. 3-year-olds: 14,2%; 4-year-olds: 32,9%; 5-year-olds: 58,8%; 6-7-year-olds: 71,4%. Severity also increased with age. Male gender was significant with respect to the presence and severity of erosive tooth wear. The distribution of the BEWE risk groups showed that 66,4% had no, 28,1% a lower, 5,0% a mid and 0,5% a high risk for dental erosions. 59,5% of the children affected presented dentin erosions. Upper jaw teeth were significantly more often and more severe affected than mandible teeth. Upper jaw canines (31,5-31,7%), first deciduous molars (30,0-30,2%), mandible canines (17%), and first deciduous molars (16.5-17.7%) were most frequently affected. Severity of erosive tooth wear was correlated with the regular consumption of lemonade and coke. Higher prevalence was associated with a higher frequency of the consumption of beverages and food at night after practicing oral hygiene. CONCLUSION: Almost half of the kindergarten children showed dental erosions. However, only a minority was assigned to the BEWE high-risk
dc.contributor.coRefereeBrockmann, Knut Prof. Dr.
dc.subject.engRisk factorsde
dc.subject.engErosive tooth wearde
dc.subject.engDental erosionde
dc.affiliation.instituteMedizinische Fakultätde
dc.subject.gokfullMedizin (PPN619874732)de
dc.subject.gokfullKonservierende Zahnheilkunde (PPN619876395)de
dc.subject.gokfullEpidemiologie (PPN619875070)de

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