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Promises and Perils of Globalization

dc.contributor.advisorDreher, Axel Prof. Dr.
dc.contributor.authorKaplan, Lennart
dc.titlePromises and Perils of Globalizationde
dc.contributor.refereeKlasen, Stephan Prof. Dr.
dc.description.abstractengChapter 1 investigates the role of globalized flows of finance (development aid) and goods (trade). Both factors are of international character and relate to the global perspective. Thus, we choose macro lenses and combine the well-established economic theory of comparative advantage with a spatial perspective on trade costs in order to study third-country effects of development aid. Although economic theories stress the potential of trade for sustainable and inclusive economic growth, actual outcomes depend crucially on how gains from globalization are shared. Political interest groups have a large influence on the distribution, which can be conceptualized by an economic quid pro quo model, where groups are targeted in turn for their electoral support. In- and out-groups can be constructed along visible traits, for instance regional and ethnic lines. In order to examine these group level differences, Chapter 2 zooms into the meso level considering subnational data and the distribution of gains from trade. Group level inequalities, e.g., “grievances,” are a recurring theme in political science, and often thought to be a main driver of conflict in contrast to purely economic greed. Returning to the effects of aid, Chapter 3 considers those group level inequalities also from a subnational meso perspective. Yet when considering aid projects, it is of utmost importance to be aware of heterogeneities. If the development projects are successful and contribute to growth, the projects could be in theory a promising tool to reduce conflict risk by increasing economic opportunity costs of fighting. However, many of the projects remain unfinished or fail in low resource or fragile contexts. Success of development projects might highly depend on targeted populations’ uptake. Thus, the final chapter of the thesis considers individual level data and zooms into the micro level of development economics to evaluate the support of the Safe Childbirth Checklist intervention in Indonesia and Pakistan. For this purpose, we consider a framework grounded in social psychology “The Theory of Planned Behavior.” This framework identifies three main determinants – perceived behavioral control, subjective norms, and individual attitudes towards behavior – which we consider to explain intervention
dc.contributor.coRefereeKis-Katos, Krisztina Prof. Dr.
dc.contributor.thirdRefereeGassebner, Martin Prof. Dr.
dc.subject.engDevelopment Aidde
dc.subject.engPolitical Economyde
dc.affiliation.instituteWirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultätde
dc.subject.gokfullWirtschaftswissenschaften (PPN621567140)de

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