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dc.contributor.advisor Blöchl, Peter E. Prof. Dr.
dc.contributor.author Schade, Robert
dc.date.accessioned 2019-03-12T11:32:01Z
dc.date.available 2019-03-12T11:32:01Z
dc.date.issued 2019-03-12
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-1735-0000-002E-E5C2-7
dc.language.iso eng de
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.subject.ddc 530 de
dc.title New methods for the ab-initio simulation of correlated systems de
dc.type doctoralThesis de
dc.contributor.referee Blöchl, Peter E. Prof. Dr.
dc.date.examination 2019-01-29
dc.subject.gok Physik (PPN621336750) de
dc.description.abstracteng Strong electronic correlations are at the heart of many interesting phenomena. For the theoretical description of these materials, a proper treatment of the local atomic physics is required. We propose a novel approach combining functionals of the electron density and functionals of the one-particle reduced density matrix to improve this description. The proposed method has a solid foundation in reduced density-matrix functional theory and no double-counting problem arises. It employs a decomposition of the electron-electron interaction in real space. The interaction close to the correlated orbitals, for example, the partially filled 3d-orbitals of transition-metal ions, is described with a density-matrix functional and otherwise with a local or semi-local density functional. We propose to evaluate the density-matrix functional from Levy’s constrained search problem, i.e., via a constrained minimization over an ensemble of many-particle wave functions. In contrast to approximate parametrized density-matrix functionals, this evaluation allows us to systematically improve the functional towards the exact result. In situations where the one-particle basis is too large to evaluate the density-matrix functional from Levy’s constrained minimization problem, we apply a series of approximations that each can be converged to the exact result: the first approximation step is the local approximation of the density-matrix functional proposed by Blöchl, Walther and Pruschke. For the density-matrix functionals within the local interactions, we propose the adaptive cluster approximation (ACA) that systematically truncates non-interacting one-particle states and drastically reduces the computational effort. The resulting density-matrix functional for a local interaction and a small number of non-interacting one-particle states is then evaluated with the constrained minimization problem. We explore different parametrizations of many-particle wave functions in this constrained minimization problem. A parametrization based on a configuration-interaction-like ansatz is shown to converge rapidly if suitable selection criterion for the Slater determinants is chosen. An impurity-bath-separation ansatz is shown to be suitable for single-impurity Anderson models. It is shown that the constrained minimization can be solved for matrix product states with a DMRG-like iterative minimization. Furthermore, we show that Gutzwiller-Jastrow-correlated wave functions can be used with a quantum Monte Carlo procedure as many-particle wave functions. Finally, we formulate an algorithm for the evaluation of the density-matrix functional on near-term quantum computers. Results from the execution of the algorithm on an existing quantum computer with transmon qubits are presented. The proposed approach combining density functionals and density-matrix functionals is implemented in the CP-PAW code based on the projector augmented-wave formalism. We present results for the dissociation curve of the hydrogen molecule as the prototypical case of strong static correlation and show that static correlation is well described with the new approach. We show results for the nonmagnetic state of the transition-metaoxide NiO that is described qualitatively wrong with the DFT+U method. The proposed method properly describes the nonmagnetic state of NiO as an insulator and predicts a qualitatively correct spectral function. de
dc.contributor.coReferee Manmana, Salvatore R. PD Dr.
dc.subject.eng DFT de
dc.subject.eng RDMFT de
dc.subject.eng NiO de
dc.subject.eng SIAM de
dc.subject.eng Hubbard de
dc.subject.eng ACA de
dc.subject.eng configuration interaction de
dc.subject.eng matrix-product states de
dc.subject.eng 2RDMFT de
dc.subject.eng strong electronic correlations de
dc.identifier.urn urn:nbn:de:gbv:7-11858/00-1735-0000-002E-E5C2-7-4
dc.affiliation.institute Fakultät für Physik de
dc.identifier.ppn 1673693245

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