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Investigation of Lithium Manganese Oxides Using High-Dimensional Neural Networks

dc.contributor.advisorBehler, Jörg Prof. Dr.
dc.contributor.authorEckhoff, Marco
dc.titleInvestigation of Lithium Manganese Oxides Using High-Dimensional Neural Networksde
dc.contributor.refereeBehler, Jörg Prof. Dr.
dc.description.abstractengUnraveling the atomic and electronic processes in modern energy materials is a key to advances in many important applications, from battery technology to heterogeneous catalysis. A prominent electrode material in lithium ion batteries is the lithium manganese oxide spinel LixMn2O4, with 0 ≤ x ≤ 2. Similar to many other transition metal oxides, the complex electronic structure of LixMn2O4 includes coexisting oxidation states and associated Jahn-Teller distortions. Therefore, electronic structure methods like hybrid density functional theory (DFT) are required for accurate calculations. However, hybrid DFT is computationally too demanding to study, for example, structural transitions, conductance, and reaction kinetics in extended simulations. To enlarge the length and time scales of first principles-quality simulations, machine learning potentials like high-dimensional neural network potentials (HDNNP) have emerged as a powerful tool. However, the representation of different oxidation states, Jahn-Teller distortions, and electron hopping poses a new level of complexity. Moreover, HDNNP-based simulations do not provide electronic structure information. To obtain atomic oxidation and spin states, the high-dimensional neural network spin prediction method is introduced in this work. Furthermore, to represent different magnetic interactions between collinear spin-polarized atoms, spin-dependent atom-centered symmetry functions are proposed taking the atomic spins into account. Applying these methods, a series of processes essential for battery applications of LixMn2O4 is investigated. For example, structural changes during charge and discharge as well as temperature induced changes as the orthorhombic to cubic transition are analyzed. Additionally, the lithium ion and electronic conduction are studied including an analysis of the charge ordering transition close to room temperature, which reduces the electrical conductivity. Further, the geometric and electronic structure of various LixMn2O4-water interfaces are characterized with regard to water dissociation and proton transfer processes that are important for catalysis of the oxygen evolution reaction. In addition, the performance of a magnetic HDNNP is demonstrated for manganese oxide, MnO, by the accurate prediction of the structural changes at the antiferromagnetic to paramagnetic phase
dc.contributor.coRefereeBlöchl, Peter E. Prof. Dr.
dc.contributor.thirdRefereeSpohr, Eckhard Prof. Dr.
dc.subject.engTheoretical Chemistryde
dc.subject.engMachine Learningde
dc.subject.engHigh-Dimensional Neural Network Potentialsde
dc.subject.engDensity Functional Theoryde
dc.subject.engAtomistic Simulationsde
dc.subject.engBattery Materialsde
dc.subject.engLithium Manganese Oxidesde
dc.subject.engSolid-Liquid Interfacesde
dc.subject.engPhase Transitionsde
dc.subject.engJahn-Teller Effectde
dc.subject.engOxidation Statesde
dc.subject.engSpin Statesde
dc.subject.engMagnetic Orderde
dc.subject.engElectron Hoppingde
dc.subject.engIonic Conductionde
dc.subject.engProton Transferde
dc.subject.engWater Dissociationde
dc.affiliation.instituteFakultät für Chemiede
dc.subject.gokfullChemie  (PPN62138352X)de

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