Navigation ▼

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisor Schaper, Andreas Prof. Dr.
dc.contributor.author Schulte-Güstenberg, Lina
dc.date.accessioned 2019-05-28T06:41:04Z
dc.date.available 2019-07-04T22:50:03Z
dc.date.issued 2019-05-28
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/21.11130/00-1735-0000-0003-C019-8
dc.language.iso deu de
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.subject.ddc 610 de
dc.title Intoxikationen durch Methotrexat - Eine retrospektive Analyse von 249 Fällen des Giftinformationszentrums-Nord de
dc.type doctoralThesis de
dc.title.translated Intoxications with methotrexate - a retrospective analysis of 249 cases by the Poisons Centre for northern Germany de
dc.contributor.referee Schaper, Andreas Prof. Dr.
dc.date.examination 2019-06-27
dc.description.abstracteng Objective: Methotrexate is an immunosuppressive drug that inhibits the folic acid reductase. It is used for its antineoplastic and immunomodulatoring effects. There were already many poisonings because of the high toxic potential. That is why it is very important to educate the patient in order to avoid misadventure. As an immunomodulatory drug methotrexate is given once weekly in low-dose; in contrast to the antineoplastic indication were it is given in high-doses. Methods: The Poisons Centre for northern Germany has observed an increasing number of methotrexate intoxications, especially due to medication error. We conducted a retrospective study of all intoxications with methotrexate reported to the Poisons Centre between 1996 and 2016. Results: 249 cases met the inclusion criteria. Most cases (96 cases, 39%) were caused by medication errors, particularly involving the use of low-dose methotrexate; five of these patients died. 62 cases (25%) were unintentional ingestions by children, 39 cases (16%) were suicide attempts and in 13 cases (5%) adverse effects occurred in therapeutic doses. Conclusion: On the one hand an acute oral overdose (unintentional or suicidal) does not lead to a severe intoxication, because of the saturable absorption of methotrexate. On the other hand an inadvertently daily rather than a weekly dose of methotrexate can result in severe intoxications or even death. Despite numerous information and warnings about the correct application for methotrexate, medication errors by health staff and patients are still common. de
dc.contributor.coReferee Blaschke-Steinbrecher, Sabine Prof. Dr.
dc.contributor.thirdReferee Mößner, Rotraut PD Dr.
dc.subject.eng methotrexate de
dc.subject.eng intoxication de
dc.identifier.urn urn:nbn:de:gbv:7-21.11130/00-1735-0000-0003-C019-8-2
dc.affiliation.institute Medizinische Fakultät de
dc.subject.gokfull Medizin (PPN619874732) de
dc.description.embargoed 2019-07-04
dc.identifier.ppn 1666649007

Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record