Show simple item record

Impact of Structure Modification on Cardiomyocyte Functionality

dc.contributor.advisorParlitz, Ulrich Apl. Prof. Dr.
dc.contributor.authorCosi, Filippo Giovanni
dc.titleImpact of Structure Modification on Cardiomyocyte Functionalityde
dc.contributor.refereeParlitz, Ulrich Apl. Prof. Dr.
dc.description.abstractengCardiac diseases are often related to defects in subcellular components of the heart’s main constituents, the heart muscle cells also called cardiac myocytes. These biological cells periodically contract due to excitation-contraction coupling, i.e. an interplay of intracellular ion dynamics and membrane potential which is centered around calcium release units (CRUs). Especially alterations of the functions and the geometry of CRUs may lead to distorted intracellular ion and voltage dynamics resulting in a malfunctioning cell. While the functions of CRUs are well studied, the knowledge about their geometry is still incomplete. However, recently the ryanodine receptors 2 (RyRs), i.e. calcium handling channels in CRUs, have been found to form elongated clusters rather than being densely packed into lattice-like configurations, as was previously assumed. This experimental observation represents a good reason to investigate the influence of the geometrical arrangement of ionic channels on the dynamics of cardiomyocytes. In this thesis a multiscale mathematical model is employed to quantify the impact different RyR arrangements in CRUs have on the ion dynamics and voltage dynamics of cardiac myocytes. The model describes the microscopic and stochastic processes of calcium release as well as the intracellular mesoscopic ion diffusion and action potential dynamics. Using this model we show that not only the shape of the RyR cluster, but also the density and the arrangement of the channels are found to be relevant for the cell dynamics. The numerical simulations proved changes in the microscopic structure and geometry of cell components to significantly affect observed quantities like the action potential duration or the average peak calcium concentration and thus the whole cardiomyocyte functionality. Moreover, since the employed mathematical model is computationally expensive, a method for the generation and validation of a cheaper numerical model is applied. Using this approach a meta model is generated based on the results from only a few hundred simulation runs of the complex original model. Computationally faster regressions based on the meta model can thus now accompany the multiscale mathematical model improving the efficiency, with which descriptive and relevant predictions can be
dc.contributor.coRefereeKlumpp, Stefan Prof. Dr.
dc.subject.engPhD Thesisde
dc.subject.engMultiscale Mathematical Modelde
dc.subject.engCalcium Release Unitsde
dc.subject.engCalcium Dynamicsde
dc.subject.engRyanodine Receptorsde
dc.subject.engStructure Modificationde
dc.subject.engSurrogate/Meta Modelde
dc.affiliation.instituteGöttinger Graduiertenschule für Neurowissenschaften, Biophysik und molekulare Biowissenschaften (GGNB)de
dc.subject.gokfullBiologie (PPN619462639)de

Files in this item


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record