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Überprüfung der Validität der Transkraniellen Dopplersonographie bei der Detektion der Basilarisarterienstenose oder In-Stent-Restenose der Arteria basilaris

Eine retrospektive diagnostische Studie

dc.contributor.advisorLiman, Jan Prof. Dr.
dc.contributor.authorKoh, Woori
dc.titleÜberprüfung der Validität der Transkraniellen Dopplersonographie bei der Detektion der Basilarisarterienstenose oder In-Stent-Restenose der Arteria basilarisde
dc.title.alternativeEine retrospektive diagnostische Studie
dc.title.translatedTranscranial doppler sonography is not a valid diagnostic tool for detection of basilar artery stenosis or in-stent restenosisde
dc.contributor.refereeBehme, Daniel PD Dr.
dc.description.abstractengBackground: There are contradictory reports concerning the validity of transcranial sonography (TCD and TCCS) for examinations of the basilar artery. Here we investigated sensitivity and specificity of transcranial sonography for the detection of basilar artery stenosis and in-stent-restenosis compared to cerebral angiography. Methods: We analyzed data of 104 examinations of the basilar artery. The association between sonographic peak systolic velocity (PSV) and degree of stenosis obtained by cerebral angiography was evaluated applying Spearman's correlation coefficient. Receiver Operating Characteristics (ROC) curves and areas under the curve (AUC) were calculated for the detection of a ≥50% stenosis defined by angiography. Optimal cut-off was derived using the Youden-index. Results: A weak but statistically significant correlation between PSV and the degree of stenosis was found (n=104, rho=0.35, p<0.001). ROC analysis for a detection of ≥50% stenosis showed an AUC of 0.70, a sensitivity of 74.0% and a specificity of 65.0% at the optimal cut off of 124 cm/s. Results were consistent when analyzing examinations done in stented and unstented arteries separately (TCD VS DSA/CTA in unstented artery: AUC=0.66, sensitivity 61.0%, specificity 65.0%, TCD/TCCS VS DSA in stented artery: AUC=0.63, sensitivity 71.0%, specificity 82.0%). Comparing TCCS measurements exclusively to angiography, ROC analysis showed an AUC of 1.00 for the detection of an in-stent-restenosis ≥50% with a sensitivity and specificity of 100% when a PSV of 132 cm/s was used as a cut off value. Conclusion: Validity of TCD in the assessment of basilar artery stenosis or in-stent restenosis is poor. First results for TCCS are promising, but due to the small samplesize further studies with larger samples sizes are
dc.contributor.coRefereeMeyer, Thomas Prof. Dr.
dc.title.alternativeTranslatedA retrospective diagnostic study
dc.subject.engBasilar artery stenosisde
dc.affiliation.instituteMedizinische Fakultätde
dc.subject.gokfullNeurologie - Allgemein- und Gesamtdarstellungen (PPN619876247)de

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