Show simple item record

Elucidation of protein-protein interactions in mitochondria by cross-linking mass spectrometry

dc.contributor.advisorUrlaub, Henning Prof. Dr.
dc.contributor.authorLinden, Andreas
dc.titleElucidation of protein-protein interactions in mitochondria by cross-linking mass spectrometryde
dc.contributor.refereeUrlaub, Henning Prof. Dr.
dc.description.abstractengSaccharomyces cerevisiae can generate energy in form of ATP either by fermenting or by respiring nutrition. This depends on the availability of fermentable or non-fermentable carbon sources. The respective energy metabolism of yeast cells affects protein abundances and protein-protein interactions (PPIs). This is also observed in respective mitochondria, organelles in eukaryotic cells that are key players in ATP production under respiratory conditions. Proteins and their abundances can be identified by mass spectrometry (MS). In combination with chemical protein-protein cross-linking, MS is also capable of identifying hundreds of protein-protein cross-links in a single sample (XL-MS). A cross-linker induces a covalent bond between reactive amino acids providing low-resolution information about their proximity to each other under native conditions. In this thesis, protein-protein cross-linking networks in mitochondria isolated from yeast grown either on glucose, a fermentable carbon source, or on glycerol, a non-fermentable carbon source, were elucidated by XL-MS. Mitochondria were treated with the non-cleavable cross-linker BS3 and cross-linked peptides were identified by separate database searches covering the 400 most abundant proteins for each condition. This approach resulted in 386 and 396 uniquely identified protein-protein cross-links in the glucose and the glycerol condition, respectively. Additionally, a quantitative analysis of residue-to-residue cross-links between both conditions was performed by using an isotopically labeled cross-linker. However, differences in protein abundances induced by the carbon sources rather than PPI dynamics were the main driving force for the obtained significant changes. In mitochondria derived from yeast grown on glycerol-containing medium, the internal NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase Ndi1 located in the matrix of mitochondria was shown to participate in an Ndi1CIII2CIV2 electron transport chain supercomplex. Also, hitherto undescribed interactions and interactions of uncharacterized proteins were identified. Amongst them, the association of Min8 to the cytochrome c oxidase was revealed. Biochemical experiments further corroborated this interaction and could show that Min8 might be involved in the assembly of Cox12 into an intermediate complex of cytochrome c oxidase. The established cross-linking workflow was also applied to mitoplasts generated from mitochondria of human HEK cells. Here, it could be demonstrated that the use of cross-linkers with different reaction chemistries improves the results by providing complementary protein-protein
dc.contributor.coRefereeRehling, Peter Prof. Dr.
dc.subject.engMass spectrometryde
dc.subject.engProtein-protein interactionsde
dc.affiliation.instituteBiologische Fakultät für Biologie und Psychologiede
dc.subject.gokfullBiologie (PPN619462639)de

Files in this item


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record