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Effektivität von Key-Feature-Prüfungen beim Erwerb der Kompetenz Clinical Reasoning in der medizinischen Ausbildung

dc.contributor.advisorRaupach, Tobias Prof. Dr.
dc.contributor.authorAndresen, Jil Cathérine
dc.titleEffektivität von Key-Feature-Prüfungen beim Erwerb der Kompetenz Clinical Reasoning in der medizinischen Ausbildungde
dc.title.translatedEffectiveness of key feature examinations in the acquisition of the skill clinical reasoning in medical educationde
dc.contributor.refereeRaupach, Tobias Prof. Dr.
dc.description.abstractengClinical reasoning is an essential skill, the foundations of which should be acquired during undergraduate medical education. Student performance in clinical reasoning can be assessed using key feature examinations. However, within a paradigm of test-enhanced learning, such examinations may also be used to enhance long-term retention of procedural knowledge relevant to clinical reasoning. This study tested the hypothesis that repeated testing with key feature questions is more effective than repeated case-based learning in fostering clinical reasoning. In this randomized crossover trial, year 4 medical students attended 10 weekly computer-based seminars during which patient case histories covering general medical conditions were displayed. The presentation format was switched between groups every week. In the control condition, students studied long case narratives. The intervention condition used the same content but augmented case presentation with a sequence of key feature questions. Using a within-subjects design, student performance on intervention and control items was assessed at 13 weeks (exit examination) and 9 months (retention test) after the first day of term. In addition, focus group discussions were conducted to complement the quantitative methods. A total of 87 of 124 eligible students provided complete data for the longitudinal analysis (response rate: 70.2%). In the retention test, mean ± standard deviation student scores on intervention items were significantly higher than those on control items (56.0 ± 25.8% versus 48.8% ± 24.7%; p < 0.001). The results remained unchanged after accounting for exposure time in a linear regression analysis that also adjusted for sex and general student performance levels. In the focus group discussions there were many references to the different theories on the underlying mechanisms behind the testing effect. This is the first study to demonstrate an effect of test-enhanced learning on clinical reasoning as assessed with key feature questions. In this randomized trial, repeated testing was more effective than repeated case-based learning alone. Curricular implementation of longitudinal key feature testing may considerably enhance student learning outcomes in relevant aspects of clinical
dc.contributor.coRefereeSennhenn-Kirchner, Sabine PD Dr.
dc.contributor.thirdRefereeMeyer, Thomas Prof. Dr.
dc.subject.engkey featurede
dc.subject.engclinical reasoningde
dc.subject.engproduction testde
dc.subject.engprocedural knowledgede
dc.subject.engtest-enhanced learningde
dc.subject.engtesting effectde
dc.subject.engfocus groupsde
dc.subject.engmedical educationde
dc.affiliation.instituteMedizinische Fakultätde
dc.subject.gokfullMedizin (PPN619874732)de

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