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Simulations of Bosonic Dark Matter

dc.contributor.advisorNiemeyer, Jens Prof. Dr.
dc.contributor.authorChen, Jiajun
dc.titleSimulations of Bosonic Dark Matterde
dc.contributor.refereeNiemeyer, Jens Prof. Dr.
dc.subject.gokPhysik (PPN621336750)de
dc.description.abstractengDark matter is a hypothetical form of matter, which is thought to make up nearly $27\%$ of the contents in our Universe. An increasingly popular idea is that the dark matter could be composed of light (pseudo-)scalar particles with large occupation number so that they can be described by a classical scalar field $\phi$, with the mass $\approx 10^{-22}$eV. As the finite energy ground state solutions for such a field, boson stars are a good subject in the study of dark matter. In this dissertation, the primary focus is on boson stars and their surrounding miniclusters. Firstly, using my new algorithms employing the Pseudo-Spectral method, I simulate the collision of two boson stars, and find the interference pattern when two boson stars overlap. The relationship between boson stars and the surrounding miniclusters are also introduced. Secondly, I study the formation and growth of boson stars in their surrounding miniclusters by gravitational condensation using the numerical method developed. Fully dynamical attractive and repulsive self-interactions are considered for the first time. In the case of pure gravity, I numerically prove that the growth of boson stars inside halos slows down and saturates as has been previously conjectured, and detail its conditions. Self-interactions are included using the Gross-Pitaevskii-Poisson equations. We find that in the case of strong attractive self-interactions the boson stars can become unstable and collapse, in agreement with previous stationary computations. At even stronger coupling, the condensate fragments. Repulsive self-interactions, as expected, promote boson star formation, and lead to solutions with larger radii. Lastly, I simulate the formation of vortices during the merger of boson stars with gravity and find that weak attractive self-interaction can be ignored in this
dc.contributor.coRefereeMarsh, David Prof. Dr.
dc.subject.engDark matterde
dc.subject.engBoson starde
dc.subject.engPseudo-Spectral Methodde
dc.affiliation.instituteFakultät für Physikde

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