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Seasonality and dynamics of the semi-deciduous transition forests of the Araguaia floodplain, Brazil

dc.contributor.advisorLeuschner, Christoph Prof. Dr.
dc.contributor.authorKurzatkowski, Dariusz
dc.titleSeasonality and dynamics of the semi-deciduous transition forests of the Araguaia floodplain, Brazilde
dc.contributor.refereeIsselstein, Johannes Prof. Dr.
dc.description.abstractengAraguaia floodplain is the large floodplain area in the Neotropics located in the transition zone of Amazon forest and cerrado. The region is characterized by seasonal flooding and pronounced dry seasons. We recorded all trees (DBH> 5 cm) in 30 permanent plots (50 m x 50 m) located at different topographic positions across a flooding gradient. We examined the influence of flooding from low to high terrain on floristic composition, forest structure and aboveground live biomass and compared changes in the structural pools and variations in the processes of growth, mortality and recruitment over a five year period. We measured net photosynthesis in four tree species during the three main stages:aquatic phase, terrestrial dry phase and terrestrial wet phase. Tree species richness was relatively low with 14-31 species per plot and was not affected by flood level, but tree species composition and family importance values differed markedly between annually flooded (AF) and non-annually flooded (NAF) forest stands. Forest top canopy height wasnegatively correlated with flood level(R2= 0.25, p=0.002). Mean wood specific gravity (WSG) of the plots increased with the flood level (R2=0.43, p<0.001) and apparently was unrelated to drought intensity. Stem density (plot mean 1040 ha-1), mean dbh, tree basal area (19.4 m2 ha-1) and AGB (116.8 Mg ha-1) were not dependent on flood level. The cumulative basal area in the plots increased by 0.84 (±0.45) m2ha-1yr-1 (mean ± SD) in the AF plots in lower terrain and by 0.69(±1.0) m2ha-1yr-1 in the NAF plots, corresponding to an aboveground biomass increase of 0.81 (±0.57) and 0.69(±1.58) Mgha-1yr-1 in the AF and NAF plots. Mean diameter growth rate was 1.8 (±0.44) mm yr-1 in the AF and 2.0 (±0.56) mm yr-1 in the NAF plots (corresponding to a coarse wood production of 1.53(±1.29) and 2.02 (±0.52) Mg ha-1yr-1), indicating no flooding effect on radial growth. Mean mortality rates were 1.9 (±0.37) % yr-1 in the AF plots and 1.8% (±0.87) % yr-1 in the NAF plots with no differences along the flooding gradient. We observed the highest reduction in photosynthetic activity during the aquatic phase, when the soil was saturated with water. We conclude that these drought-affected tropical floodplain forests have a lower standing biomass and aboveground productivity than central Amazonian floodplain forests in more humid climates, and the imprint of the flooding gradient on stand dynamics is relatively weak, which may result from the lower flooding height and the interaction of flooding with low nutrient supply and periodic
dc.contributor.coRefereeTscharntke, Teja Prof. Dr.
dc.subject.engaboveground live biomass (AGB)de
dc.subject.engflood levelde
dc.subject.engdiameter growthde
dc.subject.engmortality ratede
dc.subject.engtree recruitmentde
dc.affiliation.instituteFakultät für Forstwissenschaften und Waldökologiede
dc.subject.gokfullForstwirtschaft (PPN621305413)de

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